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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 224-228

Clinical profile of hypertensive patients presenting to the emergency department


1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Biochemistry, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
M R Kiran Kumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCSR.JCSR_25_20

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Background: The clinical profile of patients with hypertension presenting to emergency is understudied and unknown in developing countries like India. Method: We prospectively studied the clinical profile, target organ damage, laboratory parameters and imaging parameters in 532 patients with hypertension (461 [86.7%] previously known hypertensives and 71 [13.3%] newly diagnosed hypertensives) presenting to the emergency department at our tertiary care teaching hospital. Results: Their mean age was 57 ± 13.2 years; 65.6% were males. Neurological deficits (n = 164; 30.8%) were the commonest presenting symptom followed by chest pain (n = 143; 26.9%) and dyspnoea (n = 109; 20.5%). Hyponatremia (n = 188; 35.3%) and hyperkalemia (n = 59; 11.1%). Cerebrovascular accidents were the commonest target organ damage. Higher blood pressure at presentation and at 8 hours were associated with fatal outcomes. Conclusion: Target organ damage was higher in known hypertensives with poor drug compliance and higher age groups particularly males. Cerebrovascular accidents were the commonest mode of presentation.


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