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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 213-217

A study of Trichomonas vaginalis and risk factors in women of reproductive age attending health facilities in Okene metropolis, Kogi State, Nigeria


1 Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi, Nigeria
2 Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom; Department of Zoology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
3 Department of Microbiology, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Clement Ameh Yaro
Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCSR.JCSR_21_20

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Background: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk associated with Trichomonas vaginalis amongst women in Okene metropolis, Kogi State. Methods: High vaginal swabs were collected from females of reproductive age groups using swab sticks from February to May 2019 and were examined microscopically using wet mount preparation and were confirmed with Dorset culture method. Structured questionnaires were administered to assess the risk factors. Results: A total of 180 (40.7%) women were infected with T. vaginalis. The General Hospital had the highest prevalence of 80 women (42.1%), whereas the least was from Oyiza Hospital (66 women, 39.3%). The age group of 21–30 years (65, 55.1%) had the highest prevalence, whereas the age group of 14–20 years (20, 25.0%) had the least prevalence. Divorced women, women with multiple partners and those that do not use condom are at higher risk of infections. Conclusion: T. vaginalis is endemic amongst women in Okene metropolis, Kogi State, with an overall prevalence of 40.7%. Proper awareness on this disease should be heightened to help reduce the burden of infection.


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