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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 150-154

Prospective randomised study comparing Billroth II with Braun anastomosis versus Roux-en-Y reconstruction after radical distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer


1 Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pathology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Venkatarami Reddy Vutukuru
Professor, Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati 517 507, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCSR.JCSR_17_20

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Background: Enterogastric reflux of bile is a major cause of morbidity following distal gastrectomy. Various reconstructive methods were developed to overcome this. Methods: A prospective randomised study included all patients undergoing distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer was conducted during the period June 2012 and November 2016. After resection, they were randomized to undergo Billroth II with Braun anastomosis (BEE) (n = 28) or Roux-en-Y (RY) gastrojejunostomy (n = 26). Endoscopy and biliary scintigraphy were done at 3 months to assess the severity of gastritis and the presence of bile reflux in remnant stomach. Stomach was biopsied for histopathology. Quality of life (QOL) was assessed using gastric cancer-specific questionnaire. Results: Demographics and nutritional status was similar. Intraoperative variables, post-operative recovery and hospital stay were not statistically different. Remnant stomach in BEE group showed more severe and extensive gastritis than RY group. The incidence of bile reflux on endoscopy was statistically significantly high in BEE (P < 0.0001). The histological findings of endoscopic biopsies were similar. The incidence of bile reflux on scintigraphy was lower in RY group (10.7% vs. 46.2%; P = 0.03). The QOL symptom score was similar. Conclusions: The incidence of bile reflux and severity of gastritis is less in patients who underwent RY gastrojejunostomy when compared to Billroth II with Braun anastomosis without any significant difference in QOL.


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