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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 182-187

A study of clinical presentation and outcome of patients with Guillain–Barré syndrome: A prospective observational study at a tertiary care teaching hospital


1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Sri Venkateswara Institute and Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute and Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Neurology, Sri Venkateswara Institute and Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Aloka Samantaray
Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, SVIMS University, Tirupati 517 507, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCSR.JCSR_93_19

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Background: Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is an immune-mediated damage to the nerve roots and peripheral nerves which may require intensive care unit management and adequate techniques for airway protection and ventilation. Methods: Sixty four patients with GBS were studied from March 2017 to February 2018 with a detailed history of demographic and clinical data (age, gender, season, and antecedent events), functional disability bed on Hughes score, Medical Research Council (MRC) sum score at the time of admission. Final outcome was dichotomized to good (0–3) or bad (4–6) based on Hughes Disability Scale and was compared with different patient variables to find their association with patient outcome. Results: The mean age of the patients studied was 45.9 ± 15.9 years. There were 37 males. Axonal variety was predominant GBS variant (85%). Twenty-four patients required mechanical ventilation and nine patients underwent tracheostomy. In total, 7 patients expired and 15 patients were discharged from the hospital with severe disability. Twenty patients developed complications during their course of stay in hospital. In total, 12 out of 15 (80%) with low MRC score (0–20) and 22 out of 49 patients with high disability score (Hughes score 4 or 5) at admission had a bad outcome (P = 0.001 and P = 0.001), respectively. Conclusions: We concluded that, in our study, predictors of poor outcome at discharge were low MRC sum score at admission, high GBS disability score at admission, axonal variant GBS, longer duration of mechanical ventilator support, need for tracheostomy, and presence of complications, were associatedwith a poor outcome in patients with GBS.


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