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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145-148

Left-sided chylothorax due to tuberculosis in an adult

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Apollo Speciality Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
K Gowrinath
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Apollo Speciality Hospital, Nellore - 524 004, Andhra Pradesh,
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCSR.JCSR_44_18

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A spontaneous chylothorax is rare. Chylothorax as a manifestation of tuberculosis (TB) is very rare even in countries where TB is endemic. We report a case of left sided chylothorax due to TB in a 50-year-old male alcoholic who presented with hypotension and hyponatremia. TB was diagnosed through histopathological examination of mediastinal lymph node biopsy. Initial conservative treatment with four days of tube thoracostomy drainage was effective but chylothorax recurred one week later after starting anti-TB drugs. Resolution of chylothorax was achieved with repeat tube thoracostomy drainage for four weeks and daily anti-TB therapy with isoniazid, ethambutol, rifampicin and pyrazinamide for two months followed by daily isoniazid and rifampicin for four months. Patient recovered well and chylothorax did not recur during the follow up period of three months.

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