• Users Online: 206
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-15

Comparison of butorphanol and fentanyl for balanced anaesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgeries under general anaesthesia: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study


Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
M Hanumantha Rao
Senior Professor and Head, Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Sri Venkateswara Institiute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Back ground: Laparoscopic surgeries have advantages like shorter stay and rapid return to normal activities because of small incision and les pain. Pain is an unpleasant sensation in the post-operative period. Methods: Fifty patients of American society Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade I and II, scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery, were randomized into butorphanol group (Group B) (n=25) and fentanyl group (Group F) (n=25). Four minutes before induction of anesthesia, Group B received inj. butorphanol 40 μg/Kg intravenously while Group F received Inj. fentanyl 2 μg/kg intravenously. All patients received general anaesthesia with controlled ventilation. Heart rate, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), end tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2), and oxygen saturation were monitored at different intervals. Results: The demographic data was comparable in both groups (p<0.05). There was a significant difference between the two groups in pulse rate after 12 minutes after intubation that persisted till the 2nd hour of post-operative period. There was no significant difference in DBP till 9 min after intubation, and then onwards significant changes were noted till 4th hour of post-operative period. Butorphanol provided prolonged analgesia when compared to fentanyl. Conclusions: We conclude that butorphanol is a better alternative to fentanyl for use as analgesic in laparoscopic surgeries because of its ability to produce prolonged analgesia, and less post-operative complications.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed71    
    Printed9    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded25    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal