|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 44-46
Multidisciplinary approach in modern science
Department of Space, Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota High Altitude Range, Indian Space Research Organisation, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, India
|Date of Web Publication||8-Jan-2019|
Department of Space, Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota High Altitude Range, Indian Space Research Organisation, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Kunhikrishnan P. Multidisciplinary approach in modern science. J Clin Sci Res 2018;7:44-6
Honorable Chief Minister, Honorable Minister for Health and Medical Education, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Honorable Director-cum-Vice Chancellor, Members of Governing Council, Academic Senate, Faculty and Staff of Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences (SVIMS), Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen, and my dear students and friends. Good evening to all of you.
It gives me immense pleasure to be at the foothills of Lord Venkateswara, in this hall of eminent personalities, and with future medical professionals who are going to graduate from this unique institute.
I feel extremely happy to be here today at this renowned university which, over the years, has contributed a handful of professionals in the medical field. I am equally happy to address the group of bright youngsters who are stepping into one among the noblest professions of the age. The aspiration, which probably you may be striving from childhood, has come true and you are moving on to a new phase of life of imparting your knowledge to the betterment of human conditions in the society. I congratulate each one of you who are getting graduated and whose years of sincere dedication to academics are getting fruitful today.
Unlike others, medical profession is one of the most challenging domains as it is directly dealing with human lives and ultimately increases the health of the society and quality of life. The service which each of the medical professionals renders to the society is really commendable and invaluable. Among the institutes which are grooming these professionals, the name of SVIMS stands out because of the higher level of quality and professionalism it maintains in whatever field you are into, be it in education, providing advanced medical technology, infrastructure development and so on. You have the prestige and privilege of being the first in many areas which is definitely a testimony to the importance the management gives for maintaining the highest track record it holds.
This is an institute which provides the entire gamut of medical courses right from the MBBS to super specialties, fellowship and certificate courses, postgraduate courses in basic medical sciences, nursing, physiotherapy and paramedical areas as well as in biotechnology, bioinformatics and Ph.D. It is heartening to note that 2017–2018 is the Silver Jubilee year of SVIMS and seeing the roadmap gives me immense confidence that this institute is set to become one of its kind in India.
Graduation literally means finishing a course of study. However, it is actually a beginning. It is the beginning of practical education. The word “practical” is most relevant when talking to a group like yours. You are the medical practitioners. Successes do not happen all of a sudden. It comes through months and years of hard work and perseverance. This is very much true for a career of yours. There is a long way for you to go, to become a successful practitioner. Let us consider the growth of our organization, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The Indian Space Programme has grown from its modest beginning with sounding rockets to a full-fledged operational program capable of building its own state-of-the-art satellites and launch vehicles. Its present status is the culmination of hard work and determination aided with dedicated teamwork. The journey of ISRO was not at all smooth. It had to go through many ups and downs since its start.
To you, in Tirupati, I need not explain about Satish Dhawan Space Centre-Sriharikota High Altitude Range and its contributions. The home ground for all prestigious missions of ISRO, Sriharikota, will definitely be well familiar to you as it is in your neighboring district. All the historic missions of ISRO, launched from this spaceport, have taken the name of ISRO by leaps and bounds. It is always a matter of great pride for me also to have got the opportunity to be a part of PSV-C25/Mangalyaan mission as the mission director, which has captured and ignited millions of young minds like you across the globe apart from its scientific and technological achievements. Like how society expects perfection from your profession, for space missions also, even an iota of failure is unacceptable.
It is a tenet of ISRO to make available the frontier space technologies for making lives of common man better. The space technologies are always well ahead of their times and the research works carried out for access to space have resulted in spinoff benefits in a multitude of areas. Such spin off technologies are transferred to industry which contribute toward technological self-reliance, societal benefits, industrial growth, and national development. Several spin off technologies are either transferred or are being developed by ISRO in the medical field.
Based on the expertise available in multidisciplinary areas such as electromechanical actuators, control electronics, sensors, composites, and other materials, development of a microprocessor-controlled prosthetic knee joint and true step prosthetic multi-axial foot-piece for lower-limb amputees is being undertaken by ISRO in collaboration with institutes under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
The development of polyurethane (PU) foams for rocket motor applications has resulted in an important spin-off in the form of artificial foot prosthesis. The PU foot has undergone extensive field trials and ISRO has already transferred this technology for production.
Polyaramid-reinforced plastic is a popular composite used for various launch vehicle applications. Acramid, a composite of polyaramid fibers and poly methyl methacrylate resin, is an artificial denture material developed by ISRO long back.
A miniaturized and compact left ventricle assist device (LVAD) is a mechanical rotary pump developed by ISRO based on its expertise in the area of special materials, intricate and complex machining, drive electronics, etc. LVAD helps the left ventricle of a weak human heart to pump blood to the body.
Studies are being conducted by the ISRO with cerebral aneurysms patients for creation of real-time hemodynamic simulations using computational fluid dynamics for the prediction of rupture of intracranial aneurysms.
The application of telemedicine through our satellites has definitely aided in improving the health environment, especially of the poor in remote villages. Even in our hospital, we use this facility to get expert opinion from specialist doctors from elsewhere.
Engineering and technological advances have played a major role in medical discoveries and their clinical translation since the invention of X-rays by Roentgen in 1895. Since then, many of the Nobel Prizes have been awarded for novel technology development that led to improvements in health care, including polymerase chain reaction, magnetic resonance imaging, several forms of spectroscopy and microscopy, and human genome sequencing.
Advancements in stem cell research, nanotechnology, tissue engineering, wearable technologies for home health monitoring, and neural research can all be attributed to the work of biomedical engineers. The result of their work gives rise to such advancements as bionic vision, neural prostheses, intelligent drugs with nano particles, and replacement tissues. We are seeing technological breakthroughs in several areas such as nanotechnology, quantum computing, biotechnology, three-dimensional printing, artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, Internet of Things, humanoids, artificial gene sequencing and, most recently, we are hearing about head transplantation. The technological mutations are going to make the biological mutations a thing of the past.
The application of nanotechnology can be seen in the development of in vivo biosensors, i.e., implantable device that operates inside the body as well as in vivo imaging. The instrumentation of body can be carried out to monitor the health of various systems and organs of the human body. Nano medicine is an emerging field finding applications to release medicine on demand and to provide target-specific delivery.
The Internet of Things and Big Data are making a serious impact on every industry and healthcare industry is no exception. It is a field which is now being called the Medical Internet of Things or the Internet of Medical Things.
Artificial intelligence is another area which is encompassing the medical care. We have seen the advent of surgical robots which assist the surgeons as well as expert systems for generating alerts and reminders, diagnostic assistance, image recognition and interpretation, agents for information retrieval, and so on. Machine learning technologies such as neural networks can be of help in developing knowledge data bases, discovering new drugs, etc.
The State of Andhra Pradesh is always in the forefront when it comes to harnessing the latest developments in science and engineering as well as high technology areas such as space for providing services to the people. The chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, himself a tech-savvy person, embraces high technologies and always looks at opportunities to utilize them for providing enhanced services. The medical care is one of the most priority sectors for the government and the application of high technologies, no doubt will provide better health care services.
Every graduation day brings memories in all of us who are attending this very important function. When I joined the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre of ISRO, Trivandrum, immediately after my course, I had the feeling that I had done with my education and am on a new phase of implementation of my knowledge. But, it was not too late when I could realize whatever I have learnt till then was just providing a platform to learn further. Each of the challenging responsibilities held by me, the credit goes to the confidence I gained from my basic education and the experiences I had during my posteducation period. So will be my colleagues and all professionals in various fields of activities in various walks of life. The education you had from this great institution would have definitely made you confident, intelligent, and enabled you to take up further challenges and responsibilities in life.
Generally, the people who approach you will be those who are in pain and distress and those who are going through a dark phase of their life. With your patient listening and soothing words with a comforting smile, half is done. Personally, if I say, however good a doctor is, I wish to go to the one, who listens patiently to my problems, without assumptions and judgments, satisfying the patients who, out of anxiety or worry, ask doubts. So to be a successful and acceptable medical practitioner, be humble and empathetic. The word empathy and compassion should be your principle throughout your career. The very presence of you should give solace and hope, which is the best antibiotic which no money can buy.
A qualified doctor should also abide and be fully committed to the ethical principles and values and must utilize the knowledge, skills, and better judgment in a constructive way to the betterment of the society for the prime aim of promoting health and prevention of diseases. You are the ones who are first thought about whenever a person is in pain. You are next to God. Doctoring is a life-long commitment with learning and sharing your knowledge. Stay up to date and strive to continuously improve the service which you are providing. Finally, let me offer my sincere gratitude and thanks to the management of SVIMS University, Tirupati, for providing the opportunity to deliver the convocation address in this wonderful function
Wishing all of you, all the very best for fulfilling your dreams.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.