• Users Online: 141
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-23

Clinico-epidemiological study of melasma in men


1 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Sri Devaraj URS Medical College, Kolar, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
T S Rajasekhar
Professor and Head, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Sri Devaraj URS Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar, Karnata
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCSR.JCSR_6_18

Rights and Permissions

Background: Melasma is one of the most common and distressing pigmentary disorders presenting to dermatology clinics. There is paucity of data regarding the aetiological factors and clinical presentation of melasma in men. The present study was taken up to fill this lacuna and to understand the unique aspects of melasma in this group. Methods: Study was conducted in the Department of Dermatology at University teaching hospital from January 2015 to July 2016. A total of 72 male patients with melasma were studied. A detailed history including occupation, onset, duration and evolution of melasma, predisposing factors like sun exposure and genetic factors, were taken followed by general physical examination, cutaneous examination and Woods lamp examination and recorded in a proforma. Laboratory investigations like complete haemogram, hormonal profile, liver function tests were done whenever necessary depending on the presenting condition. Results: The mean age of onset was 31.5 years. The duration of melasma varied from 3 months to 6.5 years. The aetiological factors identified were, sun exposure in 42 patients (58.3%) and family history in 29 (40.3%). Laboratory investigations revealed hepatic disorders in 5 patients(6.9%), increased luteinizing hormone (LH) and low testosterone in 2 (2.8%) and hypothyroidism in 4 patients (5.6%). According to clinical patterns, malar pattern was seen in 65.3% of patients, centro-facial in 31.9% and mandibular in 2.8% of patients. The most common skin type found to be type IV. Conclusion: Melasma was evident in men in their fourth decade of life; malar pattern, type IV skin type were most commonly seen.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed72    
    Printed6    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded18    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal